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2019: The Year in Review

Updated: Jan 6, 2020

On 14 January 2019, a Boeing 707 operated by Saha Airlines Crashed.

The cargo flight crashed at Fath Air Base, near Karaj, Alborz Province in Iran. Fifteen of the 16 people on board were killed. This aircraft was also the last civil Boeing 707 in operation.

Aircraft type: Boeing 707-3J9C

Flight origin: Manas International Airport, Bishk...

Jan 15, 2019: Nairobi terror attack: gunfire heard hours after minister declares scene secure

Gunfire and explosions have been heard at a Nairobi hotel and office complex, more than 16 hours after Islamist extremist gunmen launched an attack that is thought to have killed at least 15 people, including a US citizen.

A security source in Nairobi said the operation to clear the complex was “slow and cautious” because of fears that attackers were wearing suicide belts.

The assault on the dusitD2 compound in the Kenyan capital, which includes a luxury hotel, restaurants, a spa and several office buildings housing international companies, was the most high-profile by terrorists in the country for many years.

The sounds of what appeared to be further exchanges of fire and a blast at the complex come after the the interior minister, Fred Matiang’i, said security forces had secured all of the buildings affected.

“The security teams have evacuated scores of Kenyans and [people of] other nationalities from the buildings,” he said in a brief televised statement on Wednesday evening. “We are now in the final stages of mopping up the area and securing evidence and documenting the consequences of this unfortunate event.”

The attack was claimed by al-Shabaab, the militant Islamist organisation based in neighbouring Somalia, on its in-house radio network and online. Al-Shabaab was responsible for an attack on Nairobi’s Westgate Mall in 2013 that left at least 67 people dead.

Jan 28, 2019: Deadly Brazil dam collapse was disaster waiting to happen

SAO PAULO — Lax regulations, chronic short staffing and a law that muffled the voices of environmentalists on mining licenses made the devastating collapse of a dam in southeastern Brazil all but destined to happen, experts and legislators say.

The failure of the dam holding back iron ore mining waste on Jan. 25 unleashed an avalanche of mud that buried buildings and contaminated water downstream. At least 115 people have died, and another 248 people remain missing.

February 21: Actor Jussie Smollett leaves a Chicago courthouse after he had been arrested on suspicion of filing a false police report.

In January, Smollett told police he was attacked by two people who were "yelling out racial and homophobic slurs" — one of whom tied a rope around his neck and poured bleach on him. Police initially investigated the case as a possible hate crime, but they later said they believed the attack was staged by Smollett to bolster his profile and career.

Smollett faced 16 felony disorderly conduct charges, but those charges were dropped after the actor forfeited his bail money and did community service. The prosecutor, First Assistant State's Attorney Joe Magats, said thousands of cases have similar resolutions. Smollett has maintained his innocence, saying he would not put his family "through a fire like this" for a lie

February 24: Lady Gaga's Surprise Win

Lady Gaga and Anthony Rossomando react after winning the Academy Award for best original song. They won for the song "Shallow," which Gaga performed with Bradley Cooper in the film "A Star Is Born."

March 5: An emotional R. Kelly stands up from his chair during an interview with "CBS This Morning" co-host Gayle King.

The singer, who was indicted in February on 10 counts of aggravated criminal sexual abuse, continued to strongly deny the charges. King paused the interview to allow Kelly to regain his composure, and his publicist helped him calm down. Kelly also apologized for his outburst.

April 15: Smoke and flames rise from the Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris

A catastrophic fire engulfed the 850-year-old structure, destroying its iconic spire and roof.

April 22: Three new photos of Britain's Prince Louis were released ahead of his first birthday

The photos were taken by his mother Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge, and they show him outside the family's country residence in Anmer, England.

April 23, 2019: Declare day of mourning in Sri Lanka

A wave of suicide bombings hit churches and hotels across the country, killing more than 250 people.

May 1, 2019: Naruhito, Japan's new Emperor...

Receives the imperial regalia after ascending to the throne. He was replacing his father, Akihito, who abdicated a day earlier.

May 1, 2019: This aerial photo shows buildings in Pemba, Mozambique

Homes that were damaged by Cyclone Kenneth. Kenneth was the second powerful storm to hit southeast Africa in five weeks. Mike Hutchings/Reuters

May 8, 2019: Britain's Queen Elizabeth II looks at her new great-grandchild, Archie.

Archie is the first child of Prince Harry, second from left, and his wife Meghan, the Duchess of Sussex. Prince Philip is on the far left. Meghan's mother, Doria Ragland, is next to her at right. Chris Allerton/Sussex Royal/Getty Images

May 15, 2019: Migrants are seen outside the US Border Patrol station in McAllen, Texas.

It and other Border Patrol stations were being stressed with overcrowding. When agents get backlogged with processing, indoor holding areas get full, forcing people to wait outside

May 20: A tornado appears on the outskirts of Mangum, Oklahoma.

Scores of strong storms and suspected tornadoes swept through the central United States that week

May 24: British Prime Minister Theresa May tears up as she announces her resignation in London

May said she deeply regretted not being able to deliver Brexit, the issue that brought her to power in 2016 and consumed her premiership. Toby Melville/Reuters

June 13: Outgoing White House press secretary Sarah Sanders hugs US President Donald Trump

After the surprise announcement that Sanders would be leaving her position at the White House. "I couldn't be prouder to have the opportunity to serve my country and particularly to work for this President," Sanders said. "I've loved every minute — even the hard minutes.” Evan Vucci/AP

June 16: People march in the streets of Hong Kong to protest a controversial extradition bill

Critics feared the bill would allow citizens to be sent across the border into mainland China. Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam withdrew the bill on September 4, but she refused to give ground on protesters' four other demands, which include greater democracy for the city and an independent commission into police conduct. Vincent Yu/AP

June 18: US President Donald Trump officially launches his reelection campaign with a rally in Orlando.

His speech made clear that he plans to run on the same formula that narrowly delivered him the presidency in 2016. Mandel Ngan/AFP/Getty Images

June 30: US President Donald Trump shakes hands with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un as the two meet at the Korean Demilitarized Zone.

July 15: From left, US Reps. Ilhan Omar, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Rashida Tlaib and Ayanna Pressley — lawmakers referred to on Capitol Hill as “the squad" — hold a news conference in Washington.

It was a day after President Donald Trump openly encouraged the four Democrats to leave the country. They made clear in their news conference that they're here to stay. "I encourage the American people and all of us in this room and beyond, to not take the bait," Pressley said. "This is a disruptive distraction from the issues of care, concern and consequence to the American people.” Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images

July 24: Britain's Queen Elizabeth II welcomes Boris Johnson at Buckingham Palace, where she formally invited him to become Prime Minister.

Johnson won the UK's Conservative Party leadership contest and replaced Theresa May, who was forced into resigning after members of her Cabinet lost confidence in her ability to secure the UK's departure from the European Union. Victoria Jones/WPA Pool/Getty Images

August 23: This aerial photo shows part of the burned Amazon rainforest in Brazil's Mato Grosso state.

Every year, farmers in the Amazon clear out areas so their cattle can graze. But this year's fires were way up over last year, and that has raised concern about what it means for the health of the planet. Marizilda Cruppe/Amnesty International/Reuters

August 25: First lady Melania Trump and Justin

First lady Melania Trump greets Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau with a kiss on the cheek prior to a group photo at the G7 summit in Biarritz, France. The photo quickly circulated on social media. Carlos Barria/Reuters

September 5: Homes in Abaco, Bahamas, are destroyed by Hurricane Dorian.

The storm battered the Bahamas, obliterating houses and knocking out power. Dozens of people were killed, and tens of thousands were left homeless. When it made landfall, Dorian was a Category 5 hurricane with winds of 185 mph. That made it the strongest storm on record to hit the islands. Gonzalo Gaudenzi/AP

September 11: Robert Mugabe died at 95 years old

Grace Mugabe sits below a portrait of her late husband, former Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, at her residence in Harare, Zimbabwe. Mugabe, who died at the age of 95, held office for over three decades before being deposed in a coup in 2017. Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

September 16, 2019 - Eliud Kipchoge E.G.H

Eliud Kipchoge is the world record holder in the marathon with a time of 2:01:39, set on 16 September 2018, at the 2018 Berlin Marathon. His run broke the previous world record by 1 minute and 18 seconds.

September 18: Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau

Speaks to the press regarding a 2001 photo that shows him wearing "brownface" at an “Arabian Nights” party.

"I shouldn't have done it. I should have known better, but I didn't. And I'm really sorry," he told reporters on his campaign plane in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Sean Kilpatrick/The Canadian Press/AP

Tyler Perry opens vast new Atlanta film studio with star-packed party

The writer and director Tyler Perry has officially opened his massive new film studio in Atlanta, with a party that drew celebrities including Oprah Winfrey, Samuel L Jackson and Halle Berry.

October 15: Twelve presidential candidates take part in

The candidates, from left, are US Rep. Tulsi Gabbard; businessman Tom Steyer; US Sen. Cory Booker; US Sen. Kamala Harris; US Sen. Bernie Sanders; former Vice President Joe Biden; US Sen. Elizabeth Warren; South Bend, Indiana, Mayor Pete Buttigieg; businessman Andrew Yang; former US Rep. Beto O'Rourke; US Sen. Amy Klobuchar; and former Housing and Urban Development Secretary Julián Castro. Gabriella Demczuk for CNN

Federal election 2019: Trudeau’s Liberals have a minority government.

Justin Trudeau’s Liberals won a minority government on Monday, with 157 seats to the Conservatives’ 121. Now, Mr. Trudeau faces the challenge of working with other parties to address the challenges of his second mandate.The Liberals held their territory in the Toronto area and many of their ridings in British Columbia, despite Conservative and NDP efforts to break through in Ontario’s strategic 905 region.

The Conservatives, meanwhile, dominated Alberta and Saskatchewan, and the Greens gained their first seat in Atlantic Canada. Check here for full riding-by-riding results and a breakdown of the parties’ seats by province.Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer warned that his party has put Mr. Trudeau “on notice” and touted the Conservatives’ win of the popular vote, with about 34 per cent compared with the Liberals’ 33.

But his failure to unseat the Liberals could also revive questions about his leadership when it comes up for review next year.The Bloc Québécois more than tripled its seat count, largely at the expense of Jagmeet Singh’s New Democrats in Quebec. Leader Yves-François Blanchet promised that the Bloc, now the third-largest party, would leave separatism on the back burner and support legislation on a case-by-case basis, while advocating for Quebeckers’ concerns on the environment and provincial autonomy.

November 14: Students are comforted after a deadly shooting at Saugus High School in Santa Clarita, California.

A male student opened fire on classmates, fatally wounding a 16-year-old girl and a 14-year-old boy, Los Angeles County Sheriff Alex Villanueva told reporters. Three other female students — two 14-year-olds and a 15-year-old — were wounded. Ringo H.W. Chiu/AP

December 13: British Prime Minister Boris Johnson Wins big!

He's greeted by staff after his Conservative Party scored one of the country's most dramatic electoral victories in decades. The result was a vindication of his strategy to campaign on a single promise: “get Brexit done.” Stefan Rousseau/Pool/AFP/Getty Images

December 18: Donald Trump is impeached

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi bangs the gavel after the House voted to impeach US President Donald Trump. The House voted almost entirely along party lines to charge Trump with abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. Matt McClain/The Washington Post/Getty Images

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